Volume 15, Issue 4 (Journal of Control, V.15, N.4 Winter 2022)                   JoC 2022, 15(4): 39-47 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hassanpour H, Ehsanian M. Design of a Digital Voltage Controller in Single-Phase Grid-Connected Renewable Converters. JoC. 2022; 15 (4) :39-47
URL: http://joc.kntu.ac.ir/article-1-764-en.html
1- Faculty of Electrical Engineering, K.N. Toosi University of Technology
Abstract:   (3643 Views)
Power decoupling of pulsating grid side power from constant source side power is one of the paramount issues in single phase-phase grid-connected renewable systems. The principal aim of such systems is the decrease of the capacitance of the decoupled capacitor. However, this causes some problems such as an increase in the total harmonic distortion (THD) of injected current to the grid and bus voltage fluctuations. By considering the aforementioned explanation, utilizing control strategies is critical to modify system performance. The voltage controller is responsible for adjusting the bus voltage, suppressing the second-order harmonic, and providing a trade-off between system cost and total harmonic distortion as well as bus voltage fluctuations. This paper presents a digital notch filter in order to improve the system transient response and remove the harmonic ripples. The relations between system cost, THD, and bus voltage fluctuations have been described completely. Moreover, the mathematical expressions of the proposed digital notch filter have been provided. The analyzed system is 250 W PV panel connected to a 220 V RMS, 50 HZ grid. The THD of injected current to the grid is approximately 0.6%.
Full-Text [PDF 835 kb]   (148 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Research paper | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/05/30 | Accepted: 2020/11/30 | ePublished ahead of print: 2020/12/24 | Published: 2021/12/22

References
1. [1] S. B. Kjaer, J. K. Pedersen, and F. Blaabjerg, "A review of single-phase grid-connected inverters for photovoltaic modules," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1292-1306, 2005. [DOI:10.1109/TIA.2005.853371]
2. [2] H. Hu, S. Harb, N. Kutkut, I. Batarseh, and Z. J. Shen, "Power decoupling techniques for micro-inverters in PV systems-a review," in 2010 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, 2010, pp. 3235-3240. [DOI:10.1109/ECCE.2010.5618285]
3. [3] Q. Li and P. Wolfs, "A Review of the Single Phase Photovoltaic Module Integrated Converter Topologies With Three Different DC Link Configurations," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1320-1333, 2008. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2008.920883]
4. [4] K. Alluhaybi, I. Batarseh, and H. Hu, "Comprehensive Review and Comparison of Single-Phase Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Microinverters," IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 1310-1329, 2020. [DOI:10.1109/JESTPE.2019.2900413]
5. [5] H. Hu, S. Harb, N. Kutkut, I. Batarseh, and Z. J. Shen, "A Review of Power Decoupling Techniques for Microinverters With Three Different Decoupling Capacitor Locations in PV Systems," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 2711-2726, 2013. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2012.2221482]
6. [6] S. A. Khajehoddin, M. Karimi-Ghartemani, P. K. Jain, and A. Bakhshai, "DC-Bus Design and Control for a Single-Phase Grid-Connected Renewable Converter With a Small Energy Storage Component," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 3245-3254, 2013. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2012.2222449]
7. [7] M. Karimi-Ghartemani, S. A. Khajehoddin, P. Jain, and A. Bakhshai, "A Systematic Approach to DC-Bus Control Design in Single-Phase Grid-Connected Renewable Converters," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 3158-3166, 2013. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2012.2222672]
8. [8] S. Taghizadeh, M. Karimi-Ghartemani, M. J. Hossain, and J. Lu, "A Fast and Robust DC-Bus Voltage Control Method for Single-Phase Voltage-Source DC/AC Converters," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 9202-9212, 2019. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2018.2883464]
9. [9] Y. Levron, S. Canaday, and R. W. Erickson, "Bus Voltage Control With Zero Distortion and High Bandwidth for Single-Phase Solar Inverters," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 258-269, 2016. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2015.2399431]
10. [10] B. Li, S. Huang, and X. Chen, "Performance improvement for two-stage single-phase grid-connected converters using a fast dc bus control scheme and a novel synchronous frame current controller," Energies, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 389, 2017. [DOI:10.3390/en10030389]
11. [11] S. M. Tayebi, H. Hu, and I. Batarseh, "Advanced DC-Link Voltage Regulation and Capacitor Optimization for Three-Phase Microinverters," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 307-317, 2019. [DOI:10.1109/TIE.2018.2823700]
12. [12] M. Merai, M. W. Naouar, I. Slama-Belkhodja, and E. Monmasson, "An Adaptive PI Controller Design for DC-Link Voltage Control of Single-Phase Grid-Connected Converters," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 66, no. 8, pp. 6241-6249, 2019. [DOI:10.1109/TIE.2018.2871796]
13. [13] C. Bao, X. Ruan, X. Wang, W. Li, D. Pan, and K. Weng, "Step-by-Step Controller Design for LCL-Type Grid-Connected Inverter with Capacitor-Current-Feedback Active-Damping," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 1239-1253, 2014. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2013.2262378]
14. [14] M. Ebrahimi, S. A. Khajehoddin, and M. Karimi-Ghartemani, "Fast and Robust Single-Phase $DQ$ Current Controller for Smart Inverter Applications," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 3968-3976, 2016. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2015.2474696]
15. [15] S. Golestan, J. M. Guerrero, and J. C. Vasquez, "Single-Phase PLLs: A Review of Recent Advances," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 9013-9030, 2017. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2017.2653861]
16. [16] C. M. Hackl and M. Landerer, "Modified Second-Order Generalized Integrators With Modified Frequency Locked Loop for Fast Harmonics Estimation of Distorted Single-Phase Signals," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 3298-3309, 2020. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2019.2932790]
17. [17] M. Xie, H. Wen, C. Zhu, and Y. Yang, "DC Offset Rejection Improvement in Single-Phase SOGI-PLL Algorithms: Methods Review and Experimental Evaluation," IEEE Access, vol. 5, pp. 12810-12819, 2017. [DOI:10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2719721]
18. [18] S. Taghizadeh, M. J. Hossain, J. Lu, and M. Karimi-Ghartemani, "An Enhanced DC-Bus Voltage-Control Loop for Single-Phase Grid-Connected DC/AC Converters," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 5819-5829, 2019. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2018.2866501]
19. [19] G. Feng, L. Ding, P. C. Loh, T. Yi, and W. Peng, "Indirect dc-link voltage control of two-stage single-phase PV inverter," in 2009 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, 2009, pp. 1166-1172.
20. [20] M. Ciobotaru, R. Teodorescu, and F. Blaabjerg, "Control of single-stage single-phase PV inverter," in 2005 European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, 2005, pp. 10 pp.-P.10. [DOI:10.1109/EPE.2005.219501]
21. [21] L. Zhang, K. Sun, Y. Xing, L. Feng, and H. Ge, "A Modular Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Generation System Based on DC Bus," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 523-531, 2011. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2010.2064337]
22. [22] C. Meza, J. J. Negroni, D. Biel, and F. Guinjoan, "Energy-Balance Modeling and Discrete Control for Single-Phase Grid-Connected PV Central Inverters," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 2734-2743, 2008. [DOI:10.1109/TIE.2008.922595]
23. [23] P. T. Krein, R. S. Balog, and M. Mirjafari, "Minimum Energy and Capacitance Requirements for Single-Phase Inverters and Rectifiers Using a Ripple Port," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 4690-4698, 2012. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2012.2186640]
24. [24] R. Balog and P. T. Krein, "Automatic tuning of coupled inductor filters," in 2002 IEEE 33rd Annual IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference. Proceedings (Cat. No.02CH37289), 2002, vol. 2, pp. 591-596 vol.2.
25. [25] W. Chen and S. Y. R. Hui, "Elimination of an Electrolytic Capacitor in AC/DC Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Driver With High Input Power Factor and Constant Output Current," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 1598-1607, 2012. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2010.2103959]
26. [26] P. T. Krein and R. S. Balog, "Cost-Effective Hundred-Year Life for Single-Phase Inverters and Rectifiers in Solar and LED Lighting Applications Based on Minimum Capacitance Requirements and a Ripple Power Port," in 2009 Twenty-Fourth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 2009, pp. 620-625. [DOI:10.1109/APEC.2009.4802723]
27. [27] W. Yao, Y. Yang, X. Zhang, F. Blaabjerg, and P. C. Loh, "Design and Analysis of Robust Active Damping for LCL Filters Using Digital Notch Filters," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 2360-2375, 2017. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2016.2565598]
28. [28] A. G. Yepes, F. D. Freijedo, J. Doval-Gandoy, L. Ó, J. Malvar, and P. Fernandez-Comesaña, "Effects of Discretization Methods on the Performance of Resonant Controllers," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 1692-1712, 2010. [DOI:10.1109/TPEL.2010.2041256]
29. [29] K. Hirano, S. Nishimura, and S. Mitra, "Design of Digital Notch Filters," IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 964-970, 1974. [DOI:10.1109/TCOM.1974.1092311]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Control

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb